Our rapidly increasing and urbanizing global population is facing unprecedented food, energy, economic and security crises, which are being compounded by climate change and extreme environmental events. As planetary boundaries are placed under increasing stress, so too are social bonds, relations and thresholds.'




  • Current trends in population change mean that huge pressure is placed upon communities, the environment and countries as a whole, which is driving nations further into poverty (Planet Under Pressure, 2012).

  • Inequality is a key factor in peoples wellbeing, the greater the inequality the lower the reported levels of happiness and wellbeing (Graham and Felton, 2005).​

'Key features of wellbeing include health, agency, physical freedom, education, material wealth, ecological security, and affiliation to others.' 

(Planet Under Pressure, 2012).